It’s time to analyze the language in the chart summary and learn some useful phrases. If you haven’t seen them yet, see my previous posts in this series:
IELTS Writing Task 1: Understanding charts and graphs – Analyze the chart
IELTS Writing Task 1: Understanding charts and graphs – Understand the summary
IELTS Writing Task 1: Understanding charts and graphs – Check your understanding
OK. Now look at the phrases in bold in the summary below.
Categorize them under the following section headings:
- went up and down over a time period
- did not change
- went up a little
- went up very quickly
- arrived at its highest point
- went up noticeably over a period of time
- went down
- went down gradually over a period of time
Write your answers in the comments below. I’ll reveal the answers tomorrow.
The line graph shows figures for unemployment, for men and women aged 20 and above, between January and August 2013. It is clear from the chart that the rate of unemployment fluctuated somewhat, there was a general downward trend.
At the beginning of the period, unemployment stood at 7.3 percent for both sexes. For women, this figure dropped slightly in January and remained constant at 7 percent for a month. From here, it fell sharply to roughly 6.5 percent over the next two months. Unemployment rose to 6.8 percent in May but there was a marked downward trend from June. By August, unemployment rates were hovering just over 6.2 percent.
For men, unemployment rates fell to 6.9 percent in the first two months of the year but gradually rose to 7.2 percent by May. This figure declined slightly to 7 percent over the next month and remained stable until July, before creeping up marginally by 0.1 percent.